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Caribou can be found in the northern parts of Europe, Asia, Greenland and
North America. Caribou can be found in coniferous forests characterized
by swampy areas, Lakes and rivers.
Caribou are also known as reindeer, There are two types of caribou the woodland caribou and the tundra caribou. The tundra caribou has six subspecies but the woodland caribou only has three. Caribou can reach up to 4-5 feet at shoulder height and up to 700 ponds in weight. The body of caribou is covered with a winter coat which provides insulation at
the low outer temperatures. The furs color depends on the species. It can range from dark to light brown.
Caribou are the only species in the deer family were both males and females have antlers though the females have smaller antlers and lose them after giving birth. Males shed their antlers after mating season. Caribou will also use their antlers to dig in snow.
Reindeer are herbivores (plant-eaters) and depending what time of year, they will feed on various plants, grass and lichens. They will travel up to 3,000 miles each year in search of food. They can run at 50 miles per hour. “Caribou have scent glands at the base of their ankles that are used when the animal is in danger. It will rear up on its hind legs to release a
scent that alerts the other caribou to the danger it is facing.” (source).